Success factors for implementing low-carbon mobility instruments in cities : Learning from European, American and Asian case studies
by Pierre-Franck Edwige and Claire Papaix
This report extends previous work concerning the design, census and typology of the public policy tools of urban mobility management. It looks at the key factors that facilitate (or jeopardize) their economic efficiency and their implementation. Focusing on the instruments that weigh on CO2 emissions, we expand on evidence-based case studies in London, Singapore, New York and Portland. We identify the success key factors for policy implementation in each cities. Results are extrapolated so as to deliver some recommendations for Beijing (which shares key factors with Singapore for the issue analyzed here) and the French city of Lille (comparable to some stylized facts of Portland).