By Cécric Clastres, Olivier Rebenaque and Patrick Jochem
Prosumers have different choices to maximize their photovoltaic (PV) self-consumption such as demand response (DR) or storage. In this paper, we investigate the prosumers’ profits related to the demand response provision. An optimization model is developed which allows the prosumer to bid in DR markets. We focus on two French markets: the NEBEF and the capacity market in which a signal is provided 24h before the real-time. We show that the prosumers are encouraged to provide a DR but the profits are too low compared to the battery investment. We derive a DR premium to foster battery adoption. The premium level depends on the retail rate structure but also on the load curve uncertainty.