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April 2019

Friday Lunch Meeting, Fabien Roques, 19th of April 2019

19 April 2019

Speaker   Fabien Roques, Associate Professor at Paris-Dauphine University   Title   A Climate and socio-economic study of a multi-member state carbon price floor to the power sector   Abstract   Our study shows the limitations of the recent ETS reform and the potential benefits from a Carbon Price Floor (CPF).   Objectives:  -Identify potential scenarios for a multi-country,regional carbon price floor (CPF) in Europe -Provide a quantitative assessment of the impact of different CPF scenarios on the ETS and…

Speaker
 
Fabien Roques, Associate Professor at Paris-Dauphine University
 
Title
 
A Climate and socio-economic study of a multi-member state carbon price floor to the power sector
 
Abstract
 
Our study shows the limitations of the recent ETS reform and the potential benefits from a Carbon Price Floor (CPF).
 
Objectives: 
-Identify potential scenarios for a multi-country,regional carbon price floor (CPF) in Europe
-Provide a quantitative assessment of the impact of different CPF scenarios on the ETS and on renewable energy investment cases
-Model the impact on power sector decarbonisation – including on coal and gas generation, and on renewable energy investment cases
-Analyse some key socio-economic impacts including on consumer energy costs,Energy Intensive Industries and Government revenue.
 
 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

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March 2019

Friday Lunch Meeting, Pierre-Alain Jayet, 22th of March 2019

22 March 2019

Pierre-Alain Jayet (INRA) presents «Revising the hierarchy of geographical impacts in response to climate change and water prices: a prospective approach to French agriculture» 

Pierre-Alain Jayet (INRA) presents «Revising the hierarchy of geographical impacts in response to climate change and water prices: a prospective approach to French agriculture» 
 
Abstract
 
Pressures on resources and climate change are likely to strongly impact the availability of water. Agricultural systems are directly affected by the scarcity of water for irrigation. To estimate these impacts, we develop a prospective approach combining an agro-economic model and a crop model. Applied to a large part of the French agricultural sector, this work extends previous analyses in which water was excluded from the core of the analysis. Three contrasting climate scenarios were used over the long-term period 2010-2100. Results indicate that potential change in water demand would differ strongly according to the region concerned and the scenario applied. In France as a whole, irrigation increases in all scenarios. The largest increase, of 60% under the intermediate scenario, and significant increases, of 40% under the smoothest scenario and of 20% under the toughest scenario, occur between 2010 and 2100. Differentiating the northern and southern regions, the relative increase is more marked in the north, while southern demand significantly increases under the intermediate scenario and decreases under the toughest scenario. When considering autonomous adaptation of farming systems to climate change, agricultural income in northern regions is likely to be negatively affected to a greater extent than in southern regions. 
 
 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

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Friday Lunch Meeting, Philippe Zaouati, 15th of March 2019

15 March 2019

Philippe Zaouati President of Finance for Tomorrow and Managing Director of Mirova, presents his report Canfin-Zaouati: a green Juncker plan in French,written with: Pascal Canfin, Director General of WWF France.

Philippe Zaouati President of Finance for Tomorrow and Managing Director of Mirova, presents his report Canfin-Zaouati: a French-style green Juncker plan written with Pascal Canfin, Executive Director of WWF France.
Link to the document: https://financefortomorrow.com/2018/12/18/rapport-canfin-zaouati/
 
Abstract

During the summer of 2018, Nicolas HULOT, Minister of Ecological and Solidarity Transition, and Bruno LE MAIRE, Minister of Economy and Finance, entrusted Pascal CANFIN, former Minister of Development and Director of the Foundation WWF France, and Philippe ZAOUATI, President of Finance for Tomorrow and General Manager Mirova, producing a report to study the usefulness of risk-sharing financial instruments in the context of financing the French transition to the carbon neutrality, in connection with the reflections led around the Climate Finance Day of November 2018.

For a successful transition, the challenge is “to invest more, but more importantly to invest better”. Since public funding alone is not enough to meet this challenge, the challenge for public action is to bring about a massive reorientation of private flows. In addition to proposals to change the regulatory or fiscal framework, the government is interested in the role that innovative financial risk-sharing mechanisms could play in maximizing the leverage effect of public funds.

In this context, the mission aims to produce recommendations for the implementation of financial instruments in which public money is used as a risk-sharing tool, in order to increase the involvement of private investors in the financing of transition sectors facing an investment deficit such as their development remains insufficient to meet public policy objectives.

From this roadmap, this report:

 examines issues related to the use of public financial instruments for TE (I)

 establishes an overview of financial instruments developed at French and European level (II)

 assesses the extent to which they could respond to under-investment situations in certain critical sectors in France in order to succeed in their TE (III)

 formulates concrete observations and recommendations to begin the transition to the scale of the French TE through the use of risk-sharing financial instruments (synthesis and recommendations).

The report takes into account, in its recommendations for the use of financial instruments, comprehensive public risk management policies that are or could be deployed (regulation, taxation, support to the structuring of value chains, etc.), accounting and budgetary issues, the need to better mobilize existing programs, particularly at European level, while limiting the risks of moral hazard.

 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

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February 2019

Friday Lunch Meeting, Olivier Massol, 22th of february 2019

22 February 2019

Olivier Massol (Professor at the Institut Français du Pétrole et Énergies Nouvelles (IFP Énergies Nouvelles)) will lecture about his paper Phasing out the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve: Policy insights from a world helium model (link here).  Slides’ presentation    Abstract This paper develops a detailed partial equilibrium model of the global helium market to study the effects of the recently decided rapid phase out of the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve (FHR), a vast strategic stockpile accumulated during the 1960s. The…

Olivier Massol (Professor at the Institut Français du Pétrole et Énergies Nouvelles (IFP Énergies Nouvelles)) will lecture about his paper Phasing out the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve: Policy insights from a world helium model (link here).

 
Abstract

This paper develops a detailed partial equilibrium model of the global helium market to study the effects of the recently decided rapid phase out of the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve (FHR), a vast strategic stockpile accumulated during the 1960s. The model incorporates a detailed representation of that industry and treats both helium producers and the FHR as players in a dynamic non-cooperative game. The goal of each player is assumed to be the maximization of discounted profit, subject to technical and resource constraints. We consider two alternative policies aimed at organizing the phase out of the FHR: the currently implemented one and a less stringent one whereby the FHR would be allowed to operate as a profit-maximizing agent during an extended period of time. Evidences gained from a series of market simulations indicate that, compared to the current policy, a less stringent policy mandate systematically increases the financial return to the U.S. federal budget, always enhances environmental outcomes as it lowers helium venting into the atmosphere, and also augments global welfare in three out of the four scenarios considered in the paper. 

 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

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Friday Lunch Meeting, Clément Bonnet, 1st of February

01 February 2019

Clément Bonnet (researcher in environmental economics and energy at IFP Energie Nouvelles) will present his article “Copper at the crossroads: Assessing the impact of low-carbon energy transition on a non-ferrous and structural metal”.   Abstract The objective of this article is to evaluate the impact of the energy transition on the copper sector. It aims to establish to what extent the available quantity of copper and the development of the industry can be a risk factor for the low-carbon transition.…

Clément Bonnet (researcher in environmental economics and energy at IFP Energie Nouvelles) will present his article “Copper at the crossroads: Assessing the impact of low-carbon energy transition on a non-ferrous and structural metal”.
 
Abstract

The objective of this article is to evaluate the impact of the energy transition on the copper sector. It aims to establish to what extent the available quantity of copper and the development of the industry can be a risk factor for the low-carbon transition. The starting point of this analysis is the following observation: at service rendered equivalent low-carbon technologies consume more copper than conventional technologies. In view of the magnitude of the technological changes in the transport and electricity production sectors that the energy transition requires, the analysis conducted in this article focuses on these two sectors. The research question aims to know the quantity of copper consumed by 2050 due to the decarbonisation of the transport and electricity production sectors. On the basis of this result, we assess the impact on copper resources of two public policy options. The first is that of a gentler mobility. We compare a “high mobility” scenario to a “low mobility” scenario. These two scenarios are distinguished by the assumptions made on urban sprawl, the nature of urban coverage and the levels of demand for different types of vehicles according to their technical and environmental characteristics. The second public policy option evaluated is the development of the copper recycling sector. To do this, we quantify the impact of recycling on the availability of copper and highlight the fact that recycling helps to reduce the pressure on the supply side and thus reduces the risk of production bottlenecks.

 
 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

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January 2019

Friday Lunch Meeting, Thomas Douenne, 25th of january 2019

25 January 2019

Thomas Douenne (Doctorant à Paris School of Economics / Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) will lecture about his paper The vertical and horizontal distributive effects of energy taxes: A case study of a French policy.   Abstract This paper proposes a micro-simulation assessment of the distributional impacts of the French carbon tax. It shows that the policy is regressive, but could be made progressive by redistributing the revenue through a flat-recycling. However, it would still generate large horizontal distributive effects and…

Thomas Douenne (Doctorant à Paris School of Economics / Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) will lecture about his paper The vertical and horizontal distributive effects of energy taxes: A case study of a French policy.
 
Abstract

This paper proposes a micro-simulation assessment of the distributional impacts of the French carbon tax. It shows that the policy is regressive, but could be made progressive by redistributing the revenue through a flat-recycling. However, it would still generate large horizontal distributive effects and harm an important share of low-income households. The determinants of the tax incidence are characterized precisely, and alternative targeted transfers are simulated on this basis. The paper shows that given the importance of unobserved heterogeneity in the determinants of energy consumption, horizontal distributive effects are much more difficult to tackle than vertical ones.

 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

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Friday Lunch Meeting, Yves Marignac, 18th of January

18 January 2019

Yves Marignac (Spokesperson and delegate for the prospective analysis at the negaWatt association) will present the synthesis of the negaWatt 2017-2050 scenario (to be consulted here). summary The negaWatt scenario is a forward-looking exercise that precisely describes the possible trajectory to reduce our greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by a factor of 4 and get rid of our dependence on fossil fuels by 2050. The new Negawatt Association’s scenario confirms that the “100% renewable” is possible from 2050.   Abstract The…

Yves Marignac (Spokesperson and delegate for the prospective analysis at the negaWatt association) will present the synthesis of the negaWatt 2017-2050 scenario (to be consulted here).

summary The negaWatt scenario is a forward-looking exercise that precisely describes the possible trajectory to reduce our greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by a factor of 4 and get rid of our dependence on fossil fuels by 2050. The new Negawatt Association’s scenario confirms that the “100% renewable” is possible from 2050.

 
Abstract

The negaWatt scenario is a forward-looking exercise that precisely describes the possible trajectory to reduce our greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by a factor of 4 and get rid of our dependence on fossil fuels by 2050. The new Negawatt Association’s scenario confirms that the “100% renewable” is possible from 2050.

 
 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

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Friday Lunch Meeting, Stéphane Gloriant, 11th of january 2019

11 January 2019

Stéphane Gloriant (Researcher “Macroeconomic modeling of green growth” at the Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition)will lecture about “A quantified assessment of the French carbon tax”.   Abstract Called the “climate-energy contribution”, the carbon tax was introduced in France in 2014 to price energy-related CO2 emissions not covered by the European emissions trading system. Its acceleration should accelerate, at least as far as the rate is concerned, calling for a first assessment of its actual effects. This is what this…

Stéphane Gloriant (Researcher “Macroeconomic modeling of green growth” at the Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition)will lecture about “A quantified assessment of the French carbon tax”.
 
Abstract

Called the “climate-energy contribution”, the carbon tax was introduced in France in 2014 to price energy-related CO2 emissions not covered by the European emissions trading system. Its acceleration should accelerate, at least as far as the rate is concerned, calling for a first assessment of its actual effects. This is what this Information & Debates proposes, concentrating the evaluation on the sectors most concerned. Evaluating the impact of the tax is not just about comparing emissions before and after coming into force. This requires comparing the emissions observed over the period with the evolution of a “counterfactual” scenario representing the hypothetical trajectory that emissions would have followed in its absence.

 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

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November 2018

Friday Lunch Meeting, Mohamed Akli Achabou et Sihem Dekhili, 30th of november 2018

30 November 2018

Mohamed Akli Achabou (Research Professor in Strategy at IPAG Business School ) & Sihem Dekhili (Professor of Marketing at the University of Strasbourg – EM business school) will lecture about the paradox between luxury and sustainable development.   Abstract Although a real “era of sustainable development” seems to prevail in Western societies, not all categories of products / services are necessarily concerned. This is particularly the case of the luxury sector, whose universe seems remote from that of sustainable development.…

Mohamed Akli Achabou (Research Professor in Strategy at IPAG Business School ) & Sihem Dekhili (Professor of Marketing at the University of Strasbourg – EM business school) will lecture about the paradox between luxury and sustainable development.
 
Abstract

Although a real “era of sustainable development” seems to prevail in Western societies, not all categories of products / services are necessarily concerned. This is particularly the case of the luxury sector, whose universe seems remote from that of sustainable development. Our various studies show that engaging in an eco-responsible approach does not allow luxury companies to promote their offers in the eyes of consumers, and may even pose a risk to the perception that they may have of the quality of their products. ecological luxury. In this sense, examining the sources of dissonance between luxury and sustainable development is an interesting avenue to explore. The results of our research on the subject make it possible to group them around three aspects: the dimensions of the concept (sharing, quality, rationality, altruism), the environmental aspect (preservation of the resources), and the social aspect (social equality, justice in the level of employment, animal welfare). Our results also make it possible to specify the ways of reducing dissonance adopted by consumers, and then to propose recommendations to companies.

 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

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Friday Lunch Meeting, Elena Verdolini, 16th of November 2018

16 November 2018

Elena Verdolini (European Institute on Economics and the Environment :EIEE) will present the following article: “Threshold Policy Effects and Directed Technical Change in Energy Innovation”, co-written with Lionel Nesta and Francesco Vona.   Résumé The presentation will be done in English. This paper analyzes the effect of environmental policies on the direction of energy innovation across countries over the period 1990-2012. Our novelty is to use threshold regression models to allow for discontinuities in policy effectiveness depending on a country’s…

Elena Verdolini (European Institute on Economics and the Environment :EIEE) will present the following article: “Threshold Policy Effects and Directed Technical Change in Energy Innovation”, co-written with Lionel Nesta and Francesco Vona.
 
Résumé

The presentation will be done in English.

This paper analyzes the effect of environmental policies on the direction of energy innovation across countries over the period 1990-2012. Our novelty is to use threshold regression models to allow for discontinuities in policy effectiveness depending on a country’s relative competencies in renewable and fossil fuel technologies. We show that the dynamic incentives of environmental policies become effective just above the median level of relative competencies. In this critical second regime, market-based policies are moderately effective in promoting renewable innovation, while commandand-control policies depress fossil based innovation. Finally, market-based policies are more effective to consolidate a green comparative advantage in the last regime. We illustrate how our approach can be used for policy design in laggard countries.

 
 
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Chaire Economie du Climat

Palais Brongniart, 28 Place de la bourse – 75 002 Paris

FLM- Salle du Séminaire – 4è étage (12.30 pm – 2 pm)

See the details of this event
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